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CONVERSIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS

 


CONVERSIONS

 

 

AIRFREIGHT 1 CBM =   167 KGS
ROAD INTERNATIONAL 1 CBM =   333 KGS 1 LM = 1850 KGS
ROAD DOMESTIC 1 CBM =   300 KGS 1 LM = 2000 KGS
OVERSEAS W/M 1 CBM = 1000 KGS

 

 

American measures
European measures
1 pound 453,6 g
35,274 ounces 1 kg
2,204625 pounds 1 kg
1 inch 2,54 cm
1 foot (1 ft = 12 in) 30,48 cm
1 mile 1,61 km
1 square inch 6,45 cm2
1 square foot 928,8 cm2

 

 

ABBREVIATIONS

ADR

European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by road (European agreement on international dangerous goods road shipments)

 

ADVISE

Notification to consignee on cargo’s arrival or despatch

 

AVERAGE

Damage sustained by a ship or its cargo as a result of marine accident

 

AWB

Air Waybill. Accompanying document for air shipments

 

BAF

Bunker fuel adjustment factor applied in marine traffic

 

BILL OF LANDING, B/L

Legal document issued by the forwarder stating his obligations related to cargo’s delivery to the B/L’s

legitimate holder, serving as security

 

BOND

Customs bond (safe storage place under customs control that allows duty / VAT to be deferred)

 

BREAK BULK

Cargo shipped neither in containers nor on pallets

 

BULK CARRIER

Vessel for shipments of bulk goods (e.g. ore, grain etc.)

 

C.L.E.C.A.T.

Comité de Liaison Européen des Commissionaires et Auxilliaires de Transports du Marché Commun

(Alliance of forwarders of EU countries to Brussels)

 

C/P

Charter Party (contract of carriage in tramp navigation)

 

CABOTAGE

Operating inland shipments outside one’s country of registration

 

CAF

Currency adjustment factor applied in ocean shipping

 

CARNET-A.T.A.

Customs booklet admitting cargo’s temporary import or export issued for international road hauliers

 

CARNET-T.I.R.

Customs booklet admitting free transit passage issued for international road Hauliers

 

CARRIER

A person or firm engaged in the carriage of passengers or goods

 

CBM

Cubic Meter

 

CEMT

(Conférence Européenne des Ministres des Transports) Permanent conference of Eurpean traffic ministers

 

CFR

Incoterm - Cost and Freight

 

CHARGEABLE WEIGHT

Greater of Weight, cbm, ldm applied to consignment for charging

 

CIF

Incoterm - Cost and Freight

 

CIM

(Convention Internationale concernant le Transport de Marchandises par Chemin de Fer) International Convention concerning the carriage of goods by rail

 

CMR

(Convention relative au contrat de transport international de marchadises par route) Convention on the contract of carriage in international road traffic

 

COD

Payment term Cash on Deliver

 

CPT

Incoterm - Carriage paid

 

D/O DELIVERY ORDER

Stipulations on cargo’s delivery

 

DAF

Incoterm - Delivered at frontier

 

DDP

Incoterm – Delivered duty paid

 

DDU

Incoterm – Delivered duty unpaid

 

DECLARE

Making a full statement of dutiable cargo

 

DEQ

Incoterm – Delivered ex quai

 

DES

Incoterm – Delivered ex ship

 

DGR

(Air Traffic) Dangerous Goods Regulations

 

DISTRIBUTION

Delivery

 

DOCUMENT

Standardized customs document used in all EU countries

 

DRY DOCK

Vessel out of service for repair

 

E.T.A.

Estimated Time of Arrival

 

EAN

European Data Numbering

 

EDI

Electronic Data Interchange

 

EDIFACT

Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport

 

EFTA

European Free Trade Association

 

ENDORSEMENT

Signature on the back of order papers as a mark of transmission

 

EXW

Incoterm – Ex works

 

F/L

Full trailer load

 

FAK RATES

Freight all kinds (flat-rate tariff irrespective of kind of cargo)

 

FAS

Incoterm – Free alongside ship

 

FCA

Incoterm – Free carrier

 

FCL/FCL

Full container load

 

FEEDER SERVICE

Additional service rendered to deliver / pick up cargo to and from ports / regions not directly called by the shipping lines’ container ships

 

FIATA

Fédération Internationale des Association de Transporteurs et Assimilés (International Forwarders Associations)

 

FLAT

Container size platform with fixed front walls as cargo support

 

FLATBED

Trailer, No Sides, Backdoors or rack

 

FOB

Incoterm – Free on board

 

GROUPAGE

Less than 3 tonne, 9cbm

 

HAULAGE

Pre and Oncarriage

 

I.C.C.

International Chamber of Commerce

 

IATA

International Air Transport Association (Umbrella organization of air cargo operators)

 

IMCO

International Maritime Consultative Organization (United Nations Organisation)

 

IMDG-CODE

International Maritime dangerous Goods Code (International code for dangerous good sea shipments)

 

IMO

International Maritime Organisation (IMCO Follow-up organisation founded 1982)

 

INCOTERMS

International commercial terms expressing the sharing of costs and risks between buyer and seller

 

INTRASTAT

Statistics on the goods flow among EU countries

 

L/C LETTER OF CREDIT

Warranty of buyer’s bank to effect payment in favour of seller (creditor = beneficiary) provided the latter implements his obligations from the sales contract

 

LCL

Less than Container Load (Part load of a container stuffed in port)

 

LINER TERMS

Transport terms of a shipping line

 

LOLO

Lift on, lift off vessels

 

MANIFEST

Register of all consignments loaded aboard a Ship/Plane/Trailer

 

MAWB

Master air waybill (Air waybill applied for consolidation cargo)

 

NOTIFY-ADDRESS

Address stated in the order B/L to be contacted by shipping line to advise ship’s arrival

 

NVOCC

Non Vessel Operating Common Carrier (Freight forwarder operating as shipowner without running own ships)

 

OBU

On Board Unit

 

PART LOAD

More than 3tonne, 9cbm, less than full load

 

POD

Proof of Delivery

 

RO / RO

Roll on / Roll Off (Technology used for loading and unloading trucks and other “rolling” cargo onto and from ships

 

SDR

Special Drawing Rights with the IMF – fictitious money as a calculation basis (e.g. for maximal liability under CMR)

 

SHIPMENT

Multistage shipment operated by several carriers, Combined international shipment

 

SLOT

Segment of a container ship’s cell into which a container is loaded

 

STRAPPING

Securing with straps

 

STRIPPING

Unloading cargo out of container

 

STUFFING

Loading cargo unto container

 

SURCHARGE

Amount charged to settle additional costs in shipping

 

TAUT LINER /  EUROLINER

Curtain sided trailer, solid back doors, solid rack, minimal superstructure

 

TBL

Through bill of landing

 

TERMINAL

Berth at which a container ship is loaded or unloaded

 

TEU

Twenty foot equivalent unit (Measure of container’s loading capacity, converted into 20feet units)

 

T-FORM

Customs transit document

 

THC

Transport international des Marchandises par la Route (Preferential forwarding procedure for the truck haulage of bonded goods)

 

TILT

Curtain sided vehicle, usually with superstructure internally

 

TRAILER

Non self-propelled vehicle coupled on a motor tractor

 

TRANSIT

Passage

 

TRANSSHIPMENT

Reloading

 

VAT

Value Added Tax

 

VISBY RULES

International agreement on the contract of sea carriage, stipulating, among others, conditions of liability

 

VNA

Very Narrow aisle

 

VOSA

Vehicle and operator standards agency – regulatory body in UK for commercial vehicle and operator road safety

 

WA

Wide aisle racking

 

WAIVER CLAUSE

Client’s statement to refrain from insurance coverage on cargo damages for national shipments

 

WAREHOUSE RECEIPT

Receipt issued by warehouse manager on cargo’s acceptance for storage

 

WET BOND

Safe Store for alcohol where deferment of excise duty can be performed

 

WTO

World Trade Organisation

 

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